There are many different types of testing in software. This blog will focus on types of software testing for web and mobile apps.
Consider this your guide to all testing types.
Read along or jump to the section that interests you most.
What Are the Different Types of Testing?
There are many different types of testing. Here is a quick breakdown of the most common testing types:
- Accessibility testing
- Acceptance testing
- Black box testing
- End to end testing
- Functional testing
- Interactive testing
- Integration testing
- Load testing
- Non functional testing
- Performance testing
- Regression testing
- Sanity testing
- Security testing
- Single user performance testing
- Smoke testing
- Stress testing
- Unit testing
- White-box testing
- And many more...
Many of these types of testing can be done manually — or they can be automated.
Accessibility testing is the practice of ensuring your mobile and web apps are working and usable for users without and with disabilities such as vision impairment, hearing disabilities, and other physical or cognitive conditions.
Acceptance testing ensures that the end-user (customers) can achieve the goals set in the business requirements, which determines whether the software is acceptable for delivery or not. It is also known as user acceptance testing (UAT).
Black Box Testing
Black box testing involves testing against a system where the code and paths are invisible.
End to End Testing
End to end testing is a technique that tests the application’s workflow from beginning to end to make sure everything functions as expected.
Functional testing checks an application, website, or system to ensure it’s doing exactly what it’s supposed to be doing.
Also known as manual testing, interactive testing enables testers to create and facilitate manual tests for those who do not use automation and collect results from external tests.
Integration testing ensures that an entire, integrated system meets a set of requirements. It is performed in an integrated hardware and software environment to ensure that the entire system functions properly.
This type of non-functional software testing process determines how the software application behaves while being accessed by multiple users simultaneously.
Non Functional Testing
Non functional testing verifies the readiness of a system according to nonfunctional parameters (performance, accessibility, UX, etc.) which are never addressed by functional testing.
Performance testing examines the speed, stability, reliability, scalability, and resource usage of a software application under a specified workload.
Regression testing is performed to determine if code modifications break an application or consume resources.
Performed after bug fixes, sanity testing determines that the bugs are fixed and that no further issues are introduced to these changes.
Security testing unveils the vulnerabilities of the system to ensure that the software system and application are free from any threats or risks. These tests aim to find any potential flaws and weaknesses in the software system that could lead to a loss of data, revenue, or reputation per employees or outsides of a company.
Single User Performance Testing
Single user performance testing checks that the application under test performs fine according to specified threshold without any system load. This benchmark can be then used to define a realistic threshold when the system is under load.
This type of software testing validates the stability of a software application, it is performed on the initial software build to ensure that the critical functions of the program are working.
Stress testing is a software testing activity that tests beyond normal operational capacity to test the results.
Unit testing is the process of checking small pieces of code to ensure that the individual parts of a program work properly on their own, speeding up testing strategies and reducing wasted tests.
White Box Testing
White box testing involves testing the product's underlying structure, architecture, and code to validate input-output flow and enhance design, usability, and security.
3 Ways to Test
There are 3 ways you can do testing.
Manual testing is the most hands-on type of testing and is employed by every team at some point. Of course, in today’s fast-paced software development lifecycle, manual testing is tough to scale.
Automated testing uses test scripts and specialized tools to automate the process of software testing.
Continuous testing goes even further, applying the principles of automated testing in a scaled, continuous manner to achieve the most reliable test coverage for an enterprise. Keep reading to learn more about the differences between automated testing vs. manual testing and how continuous testing fits in.
Types of Automation Testing
There are several test automation types — and frameworks and tools to support them.
Considering automating tests? Find out:
- Why test automation is important.
- Which tests you should automate.
- How automated testing should work.
Example: Continuous Testing
Continuous testing is the process of reviewing and addressing software issues and risks at every stage of the development cycle.
The goal of continuous testing is to test early and often to minimize business risk and maximize the quality of application released to end users.
There are several steps to achieving continuous testing including:
- Stable automation.
- Full coverage.
Learn more about the path to continuous testing.
Example: Regression Testing
Through regression testing, businesses can confirm that updates and changes to code do not have a negative impact on software features.
Today, regression testing is essential as applications and software are developed almost daily. This means code is changed regularly and testing must be performed just as consistently.
Learn more about regression testing and best practices for regression testing in Agile and DevOps.
Example: Performance Testing
Performance testing in Agile has changed dramatically in the last decade. The evolution of the software development lifecycle has elevated performance testing to more complex heights.
Performance testing can be divided into two practices:
- Single user performance testing.
- Multi-user load testing.
Single user performance testing encompasses all the factors impacting the end-user experience.
Multi-user load testing involves parallel execution of real devices on real networks to measure an authentic experience.
Learn more about exactly how the practice of performance testing has shifted. And find out how to continually evolve your performance testing with the pace of digital transformation.
Example: Non Functional Testing
Functional testing types include unit testing, integration testing, and more. It ensures that the app functions as it should.
On the other hand, there's non functional testing.
Non functional testing is a type of testing that focuses on how well the app works. While functional testing focuses on IF the app works, non functional testing analyzes other areas, like how usable and how reliable an app is.
Unfortunately, non functional testing is sometimes left to the end of the cycle. When it is overlooked or rushed, apps can be released with UX and performance issues. And that can put brands at risk.
Some types of non functional testing include accessibility testing, load testing, security testing, and usability testing.
Perfecto Supports All Types of Testing
Major enterprises rely on Perfecto for all types of testing — especially types of automation testing. We love helping development and testing teams reach fully scaled and optimized DevOps without compromising quality. With Perfecto, your test automation and continuous testing will reach maximum elevation.
Don’t let testing hold you back. Try Perfecto today.