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Many teams use Appium as their test framework for mobile testing. Here we cover what the Appium framework is — and the pros and cons of using it.
The Appium framework is an open source test automation framework. Many mobile testing teams use the Appium test framework for Android and iOS.
Appium is a framework you can use for testing mobile applications. It drives Android and iOS apps using a WebDriver. You can pair it with other testing tools.
Here's what's great about Appium mobile testing.
Appium is by far the leading open-source test framework for cross-platform(mobile) native test automation (iOS, Android).
Plus, Appium is consistently backed by a large, very dynamic community, with steady support, commits, etc.
And Appium can cover black box end-to-end test flows including outside-the-app scenarios (e.g., initiating a call, sending a text message).
Already Using Appium?Try Appium with Perfecto. You can use the Appium Perfecto integration to test real mobile devices in the Perfecto lab using your Appium framework.Try Perfecto
Try Appium with Perfecto. You can use the Appium Perfecto integration to test real mobile devices in the Perfecto lab using your Appium framework.
Here are some challenges in Appium automation.
Teams are required to download, install and configure their environment. This means having a local Android and iOS device available and connected.
Working with app objects for both iOS and Android isn’t easy, and falls into the top testing challenges coming from practitioners.
The Appium test framework relies on iOS XCUITest and Espresso Android (UI automation framework). This means that users need to be familiar with the object structure. And they need to know how to use the Appium object spy correctly.
Tests can be slow due to the remote Webdriver dependency, network issues, and processing commands.
Stability issues can occur when executing through CI or at scale and in parallel.
Being able to fully cover gestural inputs, environment conditions, device settings, and more, as well as support immediately latest Beta and GA versions of iOS and Android. Community-supported solutions frequently move slower than handset vendor/mobile OS innovations.
A mobile automation framework using Appium does differ from other frameworks. And despite Appium's leadership today, DevOps teams are also adopting Espresso and XCUITest.
Compare XCUITest vs. Appium vs. Espresso for your mobile automation framework.
My testing framework intuition tells me that:
Appium is great! It’s got:
Appium is weak:
XCUITest and Espresso are also leading the market with strong user bases and helps fill in the gaps where Appium falls short — so keep an eye out for those other tools!
Check out this webinar for more Appium mobile test automation skills.
Mobile testing with Appium is great for getting started with automation. But test automation frameworks can't do it all.
Perfecto integrates with Appium to accelerate automation. Perfecto can help boost your test coverage with a mobile device cloud. And it helps you scale as you grow.
Perfecto also provides Appium users some additional capabilities, including:
Accelerate mobile testing with Perfecto. See what the world's only end-to-end continuous testing platform can do for you.
Get started today for free.
DevOps Chief Evangelist & Sr. Director at Perforce Software, Perfecto
Eran Kinsbruner is a person overflowing with ideas and inspiration, beyond that, he makes them happen. He is a best-selling author, continuous-testing and DevOps thought-leader, patent-holding inventor (test exclusion automated mechanisms for mobile J2ME testing), international speaker, and blogger.
With a background of over 20 years of experience in development and testing, Eran empowers clients to create products that their customers love, igniting real results for their companies.