An illustration of using the Selenium testing tool with Perfecto.
April 30, 2020

How to Use Selenium Testing Tools

Automation

Selenium is a leading test automation framework for web applications. Here we cover Selenium testing tools — and how to use them.

What Is the Selenium Testing Tool Used For?

The Selenium testing tool is used to automate tests across browsers for web applications. It’s used to ensure high-quality web applications — whether they are responsive, progressive, or regular.

Selenium is an open source tool. And, Selenium releases regularly. Testers use Selenium because it’s easy to generate test scripts to validate functionality. It’s also reliable.

What Are the Selenium Testing Tools?

Selenium testing tools include the following.

Selenium IDE

Selenium IDE is a free plugin on the browser that helps you record, edit, debug, and replay functional tests.

Selenium WebDriver

Selenium WebDriver is a browser-based driver that helps in accessing and launching different browsers.

Test engineers and developers will find many options to leverage Selenium WebDriver technology. A lot of frameworks have been derived from Selenium and extended its capabilities. These include Protractor, WebDriverIO, CodeceptJS, etc.

Selenium Grid

Selenium Grid has a hub-and-node architecture that helps you do parallel tests across different browsers.

How Does the Selenium Testing Tool Work?

With Selenium, you can write test scripts in a number of different languages, like Java, Python, Ruby, C#. The Selenium testing tool automates your tests and runs them against browsers, like the ones Perfecto provides in the cloud.

Does Selenium Support Mobile Testing?

No, Selenium does not support mobile testing. But other frameworks can be used for mobile testing, including testing your web apps on mobile. These include Selendroid, which is Selenium for Android, as well as Appium, XCUITest, and Espresso.

Who Uses Selenium Testing Tools?

Whether you are a developer or a test engineer, you are probably doing Selenium testing today. The only difference between them are:

  • The objective that they have in front of them.
  • The skills they have that influence the tools they use to create the test scripts.

A test engineers would typically feel quite comfortable automating tests with Selenium — and all the other frameworks. But they will find the headless browser testing less relevant to their needs (excluding exceptions).

The software developer will most likely use less of the full-blown Selenium framework. They will benefit from the headless browser testing solutions like Google Puppeteer. It all comes down to the quality objectives each persona has.

Is Selenium Testing Good?

You may be wondering how well Selenium works. Rest assured, it is the leading testing tool for web apps. Selenium helps you execute automation, so you can test more permutations for fewer escaped defects.

How to Select the Right Testing Tools to Use With Selenium

You can create test automation using Selenium frameworks that are low-code or no-code. These allow business testers to put some automation in their day-to-day activities.

Selenium can be used to automate in various development languages including Java, JavaScript, C#, Python, and others. It can be used in conjunction with low-code frameworks like BDD (e.g., Perfecto’s Quantum), or through no-code solutions like codeless.

Here’s what to consider when selecting testing tools to use with Selenium.

Cross-Browser Testing

Cross-browser testing with Selenium is more critical than ever. Using Selenium with Perfecto makes it easier to create cross-browser test automation.

Perfecto removes the entire setup of a local Selenium Grid. You’ll get seamless and secure access to a Selenium grid in the cloud that is elastic — and always on and up to date.

Automating across browsers and real devices in the cloud with Perfecto ensures robust, stable, and highly visible test execution activity.

Codeless Testing

Codeless Selenium testing is important to improve test coverage. But you’ll need the right tools to support codeless testing with Selenium. You can use Perfecto Codeless — powered by TestCraft — for codeless Selenium testing.  

This solution enables a machine-learning capable test automation record and playback on real desktop browsers. It is fully integrated into the Perfecto cloud and smart reporting.

Headless Browser Testing

Headless browser testing delivers fast feedback on unit and functional tests to developers. Examples include Google Puppeteer and Mozilla. Headless browser testing improves test coverage — and is easy to setup.

Other Tools and Frameworks

Selenium won’t be your only testing tool. But it is the foundation for many frameworks. For example, Protractor is built on top of Selenium to enable application testing of an AngularJS application.

And Selenium integrates with everything. Here are some areas where you might consider using additional testing tools with Selenium to:

  • Provide a testing structure (BDD/ATDD) (Mocha, Jasmine, Jest, Cucumber).
  • Provide assertion functions (Chai, Jasmine, Jest, Unexpected).
  • Generate, display, and watch test results (Mocha, Jasmine, Jest, Karma).
  • Generate code coverage reports (Istanbul, Jest, Blanket).
  • Provide a browser or browser-like environment with control of scenario execution, UI testing, and more (Protractor, Nightwatch, Phantom, Casper, Selenium, WebDriver.io, TestCafe).
  • Provide mocks, spies, and stubs (Sinon, Jasmine, enzyme, Jest, testdouble).

Overall Strategy

You’ll also want to consider your overall test automation strategy.

If you want to be successful, you’ll need to look at a mix of these frameworks — including cross-browser coding-based frameworks, codeless, and headless.

Some final questions to ask include:

  • Does the test automation framework allow you to take screenshots?
  • Can you do memory and performance profiling?
  • Can you provide test coverage analysis?
  • Which testing types can you do?
  • Does it fit your software development lifecycle (SDLC)?
  • What’s the reliability and setup of the framework?
  • Can it support page object model creation?
  • Is it a synchronized or an asynchronous test automation framework?
  • Does it come with a set of reporters?

Especially in today’s reality — when you have a responsive web app or progressive web app — you need to answer these questions.

Use Selenium Testing Tools With Perfecto

Selenium is the leading testing tool for web apps. But to get the most out of Selenium, you need to use the right testing platform.

That’s why you need to use Selenium with Perfecto.

Jump to 24:48 of the video below to see how to use the Selenium testing tool with Perfecto:

 

Selenium and Perfecto are seamlessly integrated. Selenium gives you the framework. And Perfecto gives you an enterprise-grade platform with all of the devices and browsers to run your Selenium test scripts on. At the end, you’ll be able to easily analyze the results for fast feedback and prevention of escaped defects.

You’ll get open integrations between Perfecto, Selenium, and other testing tools. Plus, you’ll get faster test execution, maximum test coverage, enterprise-grade security, and advanced reporting and analytics.

See for yourself how Perfecto improves your Selenium testing tools. Get started with a free 14-day trial.

Try Perfecto With Selenium